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Please Contact Us for Any Information to Our New Phone Number (021) 8778 5588 We will Serve you Better. PANGLIMA BESAR SOEDIRMAN, International Islamic Junior High School (PBS-IIJHS) Jl. Raya Bogor Km. 24, Cijantung East Jakarta

DENDROBIUM ORCHID CARING AND CULTIVATING IN POTTING SOIL MEDIA

DENDROBIUM ORCHID CARING AND CULTIVATING IN POTTING SOIL MEDIA

 

 

By:

 

HALIMAH

Number: 9960664260

Chapter I

INTRODUCTION

 

  1. Background of Study

 

Orchid is a one of the flowers which has a lot of fans. There are various of orchids, from colors, shape, size, and motive. The conducive climate in Indonesia make us able to plan orchids. It is proved that there are a lot of various of orchids from Indonesia. But planting the orchids is not as easy as we think. (Agar anggrek rajin berbunga karya Dyah Widiastoety Darmono, 2003)

Caring the orchids is one of the cultivating step. Without any good caring, the orchids will not grow well. In this case, we need some steps to take care of the orchids, such as the right field to grow, spraying, fertilizing , media changing, etc.

Orchid is a general name for all family planting Orchidaceae ( family of orchid ). There are approximately 15.000-20.000 species of orchids with 900 genus in the world which grow in forest spreading in 750 countries. More or less 5000 species of them spread in Indonesia. In short, orchids are classified as 5 sub family, 16 tribes, and 28 sub tribes.

(Merawat Anggrek karya Ir. Yos Sutiyoso dan B. Sarwono).

 

B.        Identification of the Problem

 

Based on the background of study above, we will find some problems about ‘”The Cultivating of Orchid” as follow:

  • What are the type of orchids?
  • What should we do if we want to plant orchids?
  • Where do the orchid grow?
  • How do the orchid grow / adapt?
  • How long do the orchids grow until becoming grown flowers?

 

 

C.    The Limitation of the Problem

Based on the problems above, we can conclude that:

“ Explain about the parts of orchids “ and

“ How to plant, care, and cultivate orchid in the potting soil media?“

 

D.   The Formulation of the Problem

 

The formulation of the problems are :

1. by analyzing the problem, the writer find some advantages, that is knowing more about the kinds of orchids and how to cultivate them especially in potting soil media,

2. the topic is very interesting for the writer to discuss,

3. in making this report the writer doesn’t find any difficulties.

 

E. The Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study are :

  1. To add the knowledge of the world of orchids,
  2. To know about how to plant and cultivate the orchids well.

 

 

F. The Benefits of the Study

 

The benefits of the study are :

  1. To know about the world of orchids,
  2. To add the knowledge in cultivating orchids.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter II

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

 

A. Theoretical Framework

 

A.1. Orchid

 

Preciously people thought that orchid was a flower which only has purple color. However, nowadays we can find orchids with various shapes, colors, and

 

size. Every year, hundreds of new hybrids have been registered and published in Sanders’ List Orchid Hybrids. (budi daya Anggrek,2002)

Orchid can be classified in 2 groups, such as monopodial and sympodial. Monopodial orchids are : Phalaenopsis, Renanthera, and Vanda. Sympodial orchids are : Oncidium, Dendrobium, Coelogyne, and Cattelya.

 

Orchid (Orchidaceae) is a flower and one of the tribe of flowering plant which has a lot of types. There are so many orchids in the world (15.000-20.000 species). They are spreading widely from wet tropical place to circumpolar area, though some of the type found in tropical area.

 

Orchid can be found in all of the world except in Antartic and desert. Mostly this plant is a life as epiphyte (by living on other plant without disturbing it because orchid is an independent plant).

 

 

Orchid that live in temperature climates usually live in soil (Vanda, Arachnis, and Aranda) and to form tuber as a way to adapt during the winter. Epiphytic orchids can live from moisture and humid air. The organs tend to be thick and “fleshy” (succulent) to make it survive the pressure of water availability.

( http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anggrek)

 

 

 

 

Orchids have the part, namely:

 

A.1.a. Flowers:

 

 

Like the other flowers, orchid consist of 5 important part there is Sepals (petals), flower crown, stamen, pistil, and ovaries. Orchid has 3 pieces of beautifully colored sepals, which unlike other flower sepals are usually green. Location to form a triangle. But in certain types such as the Slipper Orchid, which is under the sepals linked into one.

 

Except sepals, orchid has 3 pieces of petals which also form a triangle position. 2 pieces which is above the 120 degree and one other piece which is the lip or the lowest part of the three petals that form the corolla of an orchid, usually bigger than the other two petals and often spurred and is called labelum or lip.with the she and called labelum or lip.

A.1.b. Fruit:

 

Orchid’s fruit is a capsular fruit that split in six. The seeds contained in fruits and many. Orchid have no endosperm (food reserves) like any other crop seed.

 

A.1.c. Leaf:

 

The shapes of the orchid leaf’s varies , from the narrow elongated     until a long round. As in general, monocot plants, orchid leaves don’t have a bone like the spread nets, but the rib of leaf parallel to the strands of leaves.

 

 

 

A.1.d. Stem:

 

There is a orchid’s stem that single by the end of the stem grows straight without limitation. After leaf fall, stem looks like a dead.

 

A.1.e. Root:

 

Orchid’s root has a spongy layer that is velamen (hollow) and underneath there is a layer containing chlorophyll. the function of this velamen layer is to absorb water and protect the inside of the roots.

 

A.2. Dendrobium Orchid

 

Dendrobium very enthused by the community, because it produces beautiful flowers and attractive color. Besides that, it is not easy to fall off the flower crown, compared with other orchid species.

Dendrobium orchids are kospolitan (can be found from the tropics to the sub-tropics). Spread of this orchid from the coast to the mountains and snow, which spread from India, SriLanka, southern China, Japan southward to southeast Asia to the Pasific region. Australia, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea. (Hawkes, 1965; Gunadi, 1979; Rentoul, 1982).

Dendrobium orchid way of life is attached to other objects such as trees, fern slabs, there are several types of rocks on the slopes of the mountain, and there is also a growing climbing on the stems of other plants without harming the place attached ( are epiphytes). Whereas the growth pattern sympodial.

Dendrobium orchids use than can be used as cut flowers for the circuit, can also be used as flower pots and flower gardens for the production landscape

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

A.3. Growing Media/Growing Orchids

 

So many media that can be used for the growing places for orchids, that is:

 

 

  1. Broken bricks,

2. Broken tiles

3. Styrofoam,

4. Moss,

5. Pieces of coconut fiber,

6. Charcoal,

7. Sphagnum,

8. Coco fiber.

9. Fern.

 

 

 

 

Except that, the equipment for planting orchid is pot. Pot or container for planting orchids are various. Conventionally used in potting soil, but plastic pots or wooden boxes also frequently used. ( budi daya Anggrek,2002)

 

A.3.a. Potting Soil

Potting soil is a material that can accommodate a media for orchids such as wood charcoal, coconut fiber, and ferns, which generally have high porosity, so that the media is not too wet which caused rapid death of orchids and orchid roots can also be made rapidly progressing well. Besides that it has a lot of potting soil pores in the walls, so there is much going evaporation and temperature around the roots of the orchid plants grown in potting soil lower than those planted in plastic pots, so it is suitable for growing orchids. (budidaya anggrek,2002)

A.4. Cultivation of Orchids in Potting Soil

Orchids grow on various media, one of them is the potting soil. Serves to accommodate pots of orchids growing media. pores contained in these pots may cause evaporation that are good for growing orchids. Because the potting soil is suitable to make orchids can grow well and good.

A.5. Hypothesis

 

On the description above, can be made provisional estimates, namely: “More better the planting media/growing media for orchids, the development of orchids will be better”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter III

METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH


A. Methodology of Research

The methodology used in this research is descriptive method, with the purpose of observing an object that is orchids.

B. Population and Sample
B.1. Population Research
The population of research was all orchids in Pasir Mukti.

B.2. Sample Research
Samples are taken 1 orchid plants of all orchid plants that exist.

C. Sampling Procedure
The writer uses the sampling procedure randomly
D. Data collection
Data collection using observation research.

E. Observation
Observations made to obtain a picture of how to grow orchid plants to be

cultivated.

F. Time and Place
The load times conducted on November 20TH , 2010 and is located in Pasir

Mukti.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter IV

DISCUSSION AND RESULT

 

A. The Variable of the Research

 

A.1. Variable under study

A.1.a. Free Variable

Free variable of the title report "Dendrobium Orchid Caring and Cultivating

in Potting Soil Media” is the Orchid Plant (Dendrobium)

A.1.b. Bound Variable

Bound variable of the title report "Dendrobium Orchid Caring and

Cultivating in Potting Soil Media” is the Potting Soil.


B. The test of Hypothesis
The hypothesis should be tested truth because the hypothesis is tentative

conclusion that have not been proven to be true for the hypothesis can be  proven true or false and accepted or rejected.

In proving the hypothesis of “Dendrobium Orchids Caring and Cultivating in

Potting Soil Media” , author of the planting of orchid plants, namely:

B.1. How to Grow Orchids

Here is how to grow orchids, namely:

1. First of all, prepare materials and tools are:

  1. Seeds.
  2. Media (such as charcoal, coconut fiber, ferns, etc
  3. Potting soil


2. Second, the seeds are stored in coconut fibers / etc and then tied
with rubber and planted with charcoal base (Surrounding).

3. Watered 1 day 2 times (depending on weather) and 2 day If the rainy weather.

4. It should not be exposed to direct sunlight, if possible under the tree Ps: 8 or 6 months to 1 year the plant had to be  large and can be moved.

C. The Purpose of Planting Orchids

The purpose of planting orchids is to replicate this plant can be used as  decoration for home, hobby, or business.

D. The Discussion of Result


From hypothesis testing, it can be concluded that the hypothesis is proven correct

and accepted the truth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter V
CLOSING

 

A. Conclusion

From research conducted by the writer, can be concluded that the plant in potting soil media can be done to dendrobium orchids. But another orchid plants can be grown in potting soil as well. The purpose of this planting is to cultivate orchid plants that can become a business, just to decorate the house and garden as a hobby.

B. Implication

There are some negative and positive impacts of the conclusions of this study, namely:

• Positive Impact:

1. There will be a beautiful home to grow orchids in the garden because   the house,

 

2. Profitable business will be realized the growers who bring benefits if

diligent,


3. Will prove to produce orchids do more good with crosses from seeds

that excel.

• Negative Impact:

1. There will be planting the orchid plant failure due to pests such as

mites, leaf caterpillars, aphids, ants, etc. and diseases like Buluk, fell

disease sprouts, etc.
2.Garden of the dead will be realized due to the orchid flowers are dying and not growing ,

3. Will prove to produce orchids that are not good due to not careful in which prefers the seeds well and good.


C. Suggestion


C.1. Suggestions for planting:
1.Supposedly, in planting the orchid growers should be more carefully at

the parts that are growing orchids to get good growth,
2. Instead, the investors avoid the danger of pests and diseases that can

damage crops.

C.2. Suggestions for the research:
1. Instead, Pasir Mukti add up to a complete collection of orchid plants

to be studied by researchers who discussed the next orchid,
2. Instead, Pasir Mukti provide a more detailed explanation about the

research discussed .

C.2. Suggestions for school:

1. Instead, the school provides more time for the researcher in a scientific   paper for research to better,

2. Instead, schools orchids grow better in order to help researchers to deepen

her knowledge of orchids and also add data in her research.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRICULUM VITAE

 

 

Full name Halimah, born in Jakarta ( September 6th , 1996 ), the fourth daughter of Mr. H. Ir. Nusyirwan Yunus and Mrs. Hj. Muryanti. Graduated from Pluit Raya kindergarten and continued school in

 

Elementary School of Pluit Raya, North Jakarta (2002) until 3rd grade and continuing school from 4rd grade (2005) in SDI. PB. Soedirman until graduated. Now studied in junior high school at P.B. Soedirman Islamic Junior High School.

Lived in Panorama Indah Residence, Raya Tengah street number 31, kavling B1. Pasar Rebo – East Jakarta . Have 2 sisters and one brother. The nationality is Indonesian and Moslem. Interested in watching film and listening to music.

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