CULTIVATION OF GUAVA PLANTS THROUGH THE TRANSPLANT PROCESS
TANIA ARISKA FEBRIANTI
- A. Background of Study
Crop cultivation can be done in various ways including grafting. This is a technique that has been widely used to reproduce plants vegetatively. Many advantages of this technique, in addition to how easy, is also available from many offspring in a relatively fast so this is also an effective way to cultivate rare plants(http://www.adipedia.com)
Grafting is one way of gaining root of a branch plant without cutting the branch from its parent. There are two ways of grafting is often done in
Grafting can be done in 2 ways: generative and vegetative. Here the author will explore the graft by vegetative means. The resulting advantages are the result will be equal to its parent. While its weakness is not able to do too much in a tree and a shorter life (interview with guide tour Pasir Mukti)
Guava plant is a plant trops area and can grow in areas
sub-tropical with rainfall intensity required ranges from 1000-2000 mm / year and evenly throughout the year. Altitude Venue guava plants can grow well at an altitude of 5-1200 m below sea level(http://www.fedepkendal.com). Therefore the author will proposed a research entitled “Cultivation of Guava Plants Through the transplant process. "
- B. Identification of problem
Based on the background of the above problems, problems that arise among them as follows:
- what exactly is called grafting?
- What is the benefits of using grafting techniques to plant guava?
- How many ways can be done by grafting it?
- What was removed at will do the transplant?
- Where appropriate location to perform transplants?
- How can that be done if the results of guava plants using grafting techniques?
- C. The Limitation of problem
For research and discussion of this can be done more carefully, then the problem is limited research
- What advantage do the planting of crops through a transplant?
- How do I perform the transplant process?
- D. The Formulation of problem
- The advantage to graft in the plant.
- How that is done in the transplant process
- E. The Objective of problem
The purpose of this study are:
- Understand how to get good results using the transplantation technique.
- Knowing what are the benefits to be gained from grafting technique.
- F. The Benefit of problem
Benefits to be taken are:
- Knowing how grafting
- Getting teaching to practice it in detail for
- A. Theoretical Framework
A.1. Understanding Grafting
Grafting is a way to breed plants with a street rod is skinning then wrap with the soil for roots to grow. If the roots have emerged strong roots, the stem can be cut and planted else where(http://www.organisasi.org.com)
Grafting is a clean and peel to remove the branch or twig cambium 5-10 cm long. Dicotyledonous plants are transplanted will have a root fibers, not the root of riding. Plants result slips will bear fruit sooner than plants grown from seed and have the same nature with its parent. However, plants result slips easily collapse, because the roots are the fiber system, therefore, be careful when to plant and its age is shorter than plants grown from seed(http://www.wikipedia.com)
Cashew stone (Psidium guajava) or often called guava, guava and guava klutuk siki is a tropical plant from
Guava with the scientific name (Psidium guajava) has been used as herbal medicine in addition to directly consumed with the delicious flavor. Guava plant is widely grown in countries Asia.Dengan round fruit shape, fruit color green or yellow when fully ripe, red or white flesh, many seeds are small and hard with the selimuti by a soft substance like porridge sweet taste(http://www.anneahira.com)
Guava (Psidium guajava) spread extends to Southeast Asia including
A.3. Relations with the guava plant grafting
Guava plants can be developed or cultivated by grafting process. Which helps the process of income to quality seeds.
- B. Hypothesis
If used in the process of grafting on guava plant, will produce good results.
METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH
3.1. Methodology of research
The research methodology used is descriptive method, because simple and many references we can get from books, internet, or through direct observation to his place
3.2. Population and sample
3.2.1. Population of research
Population research is all of guava plants in Pasir Mukti .
3.2.2. Sample of research
The sample is a guava plants taken from Pasir Mukti.
3.3.Variable of research
There are bound and free variables, and which included the independent variables are "Cultivation of Guava Plants" and that as his dependent variable is the "transplant process”.
3.4.Plan of research
Will be an observation of guava crop cultivation using grafting process
3.5.Time and place
Date, 20 November 2010
3.6.Procedure of research
Starting from the discussion last class program that is a study tour Pasir Mukti, there we were given individual tasks. I got the assignment and are required to search for information there with his theme of "Cultivation of Guava Plants Through the Transplant Process. " There the right time given by the school for us to know more deeply. Every child is getting the title or theme of different.
The experiment will be conducted in Taman Wisata Pasir Mukti. We set off together from the school bus that had been prepared by the school as well.
After a review directly on the site found some aspects that can help to determine the required result. The collection of research data using observation, interviews, and the Internet.
Observations made to obtain a picture of how the transplant process actually is. Especially in everyday life. In addition, the observations made to obtain data about the population of guava plant in Pasir Mukti directly.
Interviews were conducted to obtain data that is more specific and clear to those concerned directly with the transplant process.
Internet done to help expand, search, and get the information needed.
- That can be studied there are 2 of the dependent variable and independent variables. Included in the dependent variable is "guava plants", and that includes in its independent variable is the "transplant".
- Hypothesis Testing
The stages or steps that can be done to support whether the research hypothesis accepted or rejected. First of all tools and materials needed or used are:
- Rope Rafia
One of the conditions the parent tree before performing the transplant as follows:
-Trees have been fruitful for the parent to know their quality.
-Easy to absorb
-Fruit is old enough
-The fruit does not fall until rupture
Then after a set of tools and materials as noted above were grafting steps are as follows:
Media graft is inserted into the plastic, if it's too dry slightly moistened until moist solid.
Choose a branch that will be transplanted, has branches that point upwards because more branches are usually flat.
Distance of 3-4 cm (below / under), and then release buds from the stem bark.
Cambium layer removed by rubbing or peeled.
Wait until dry 1-2 hours. After the split is inserted or affixed to the part that peeled then tied with a strong use raffia.
Leaves not reduced until they run out leaving a little, and pull the rope and plastic.
C.Discussion of results
After hypothesis testing the hypothesis was accepted, it means that his theory fit with reality
1. Realized with good results can be done in a place that ideally lowland.
2. Shown to produce good results and is equal to its parent.
3. Proved during the transplant process is not much to pay.
After making the observation, grafting may cause two effects, namely: the positive and negative impacts:
- The result will be faster fruitful.
- The tree is not as high as the parent tree.
- Roots are not as strong as the original tree.
We recommend getting introduced to the public about the cultivation of productive plants by grafting.
Results of interviews from Pasir Mukti
Full name Tania Ariska Febrianti , born in Bandung (February,27 1996) is the first child from Mr.Aris Martono and Mrs.Ratna Rikasari, and has a brother named Chandra Arkadiva Oktaviandi (second son, SDS Kartika X-4). Residing on the
Starting in kindergarten education Kartika Kalimantan (years 2000-2002), Grade 1 to 3 in the SDN Lubang Buaya 13 in
Because follow the duty of parents as members of the TNI during the elementary school moved around a lot. Next to secondary school education living in